Tag Archives: History

The Joy behind Powder Day Celebration

The Powder Day (Vermont)

The Powder Day (Vermont)
The Powder Day (Vermont)

The Powder day has different significance in different parts of the world. Let’s check it out! It is often said, there’s no business like snow business. A perfect place to spend holidays is on hill station. Now this is not only for the newly married honeymoon couples but there is a lot more for the people craving for thrill and adventure. Every day is a powder day for shredders and skiers as the saying goes, “no friends on a powder day.” Just pack your bags to the mountains covered with snow, 24*7 hours, to enjoy the essence of the Powder Day Celebration. Many places celebrate Powder Day for example Vail, Vermont etc. These places cover almost all the skiing events. Two popular types of skiing are:-

a. Alpine Skiing:-

  • Extreme skiing

  • Freeriding

  • Newschool skiing

  • Freestyle skiing

b. Nordic Skiing

  • Cross-country skiing

  • Backcountry skiing

  • Biathlon

  • Disabled Nordic skiing

  • Nordic combined

The Powder Day (Spain)

Nowadays, the Powder Day Celebration involves throwing talcum powder irrespective of the gender or origin. People keep throwing powder till the other person is completely covered with it. Number of visitors come to Tolox to participate in this peculiar fiesta. According to the statistics, up to 3,000 kilograms of talcum powder is known to have thrown all over the village. According to a chronicler, there was a bitter argument and fight between a Moorish and Christian girl. They both loved same man. These girls worked at bakery and ended up throwing flour at each other.

The Powder Day (Spain)
The Powder Day (Spain)

Later on the custom evolved of young men asking their girlfriends to throw flour at them if they agreed to the marriage proposal. The girls who rejected the proposal use to lock themselves in their homes. The closed doors and windows indicated that the proposal has been rejected. Keen guys had to yet work smartly either by climbing their roof of their houses or breaking the window and then dust his beloved face with flour to prove their love. This was a way of winning the heart of a girl symbolically.

The Colored Powder Day/Holi (India)

Holi or the The Colored Powder festival is one of the major festivals of India and is the most vibrant and colorful of all the Indian fests. The joys of Powder Day Celebration knows no bound. Holi symbolizes the dawn of the spring season. It is celebrated in many parts of South Asia, covering Nepal as well. The Holi celebration start with a Holika bonfire, which is held on the night before Holi. The coming morning is free for all carnival of colors. People are involved in merry making by applying colored powder at each others face, hair, everywhere, conditions applied, errr!!!. Everyone plays and chases each other with dry powder and colored water. Some also carry water colors guns and small colorful water filled balloons.

The Colored Powder Day/Holi (India)
The Colored Powder Day/Holi (India)

People sing and dance on the regional or Bollywood songs with the local drink called, “bhaang”. Bhaang is a popular intoxicating drink. It is made up of cannabis leaves. It may have whole spices, poppy seeds, watermelon seeds and rose petals to bring variation in the recipe. Gujiya is served as any festival is incomplete without dessert. Gujiya is a sumptuous cuisine of North India especially Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. “Dhol” or drum adds to the party mood. So rock and roll on the rhythm of “dhol”!!


Information About London Bridge

London Bridge
London Bridge

Along with Big Ben and Westminster Abbey, the Tower Bridge tops Great Britain’s list of architectural icons that make up London’s distinctive skyline. While not the first bridge to span the Thames, Tower Bridge is the most recognizable and is often mistakenly referred to as “London Bridge.” While Tower Bridge is one of the world’s most famous bridges, few know its rich history. In fact, information about London Bridge is never complete without visiting its history.

Old London Bridge

The Old London Bridge of nursery rhyme fame dates from 1176, when Peter, a priest and chaplain of St. Mary’s of Colechurch, began construction of the foundation. Replacing a timber bridge (one of several built in late Roman and early medieval times), Peter’s structure was the first great stone arch bridge built in Britain. It was to consist of 19 pointed arches, each with a span of approximately 24 feet (7 metres), built on piers 20 feet (6 metres) wide; a 20th opening was designed to be spanned by a wooden drawbridge. The stone foundations of the piers were built inside cofferdams made by driving timber piles into the riverbed; these in turn were surrounded by starlings (loose stone filling enclosed by piles). As a result of obstructions encountered during pile driving, the span of the constructed arches actually varied from 15 to 34 feet (5 to 10 metres). In addition, the width of the protective starlings was so great that the total waterway was reduced to a quarter of its original width, and the tide roared through the narrow archways like a millrace. “Shooting the bridge” in a small boat became one of the thrills of Londoners.

In 1205, Peter of Colechurch died, and three other London citizens completed the bridge by 1209. Almost immediately the bridge became not only an important commercial crossing but also a choice business and residential site. Shops lined both sides of the roadway between the fortified gates at either end; houses were built above the shops, with 138 premises being recorded in 1358. Walkways and additional rooms were extended between the buildings, transforming the roadway into a tunnel-like passage through which merchants and other travelers bustled. In the 1580s, during Queen Elizabeth I’s reign, water mills were installed that added to the uproar.

The bridge became the site of calamities. Three years after its completion a huge fire destroyed all the buildings and killed as many as 3,000 people. But the houses (a source of income for the bridge) were quickly rebuilt, lining the 926-foot (282-metre) length of the bridge and reducing the carriageway to only 12 feet (4 metres). In 1282, five arches collapsed under the pressure of winter ice. These, too, were rebuilt, and the bridge, though often in a state of disrepair, survived as London’s sole crossing of the Thames until 1750. In that year Westminster Bridge opened, despite opposition from City merchants.

Shortly thereafter the City decided to repair Peter of Colechurch’s bridge and the project was given to Charles Labelye, designer of the Westminster Bridge. By 1762 all the houses were removed, the carriageway was widened to 46 feet (14 metres), and the two central arches were replaced by one great arch at mid-span. The removal of the central pier led to serious erosion of the riverbed, and gravel was constantly poured to protect the remaining piers. Finally the maintenance became too much of a burden, and the City asked the renowned engineer John Rennie to design a wholly new structure several yards upstream.

New London Bridge

For the new structure, Rennie proposed five semielliptical stone arches, with the central span reaching 150 feet (46 metres), the next two 140 feet (43 metres), and the two shore spans 130 feet (40 metres). Rennie died in 1821 before work began, and the job was left to his two sons. George Rennie had actually made the design in 1820, but construction was conducted under John Rennie, Jr. in 1824. In 1831, King William IV and Queen Adelaide arrived by water to celebrate the opening of the new bridge. Demolition of the ancient structure began that year, and by 1832 it disappeared, having served 622 years.

Rennie’s bridge survived less than 140 years. Between 1968 and 1971 its facing stone was dismantled and shipped across the Atlantic Ocean to the U.S. state of Arizona, where it was re-erected on a five-span core of reinforced concrete to serve as a tourist attraction at the resort town of Lake Havasu City. The New London Bridge now crosses Lake Havasu behind Parker Dam, 155 miles (250 km) south of Hoover Dam on the Colorado River.

Modern London Bridge

The current London Bridge, built between 1968 and 1972, replaced Rennie’s stone arches with beams of prestressed concrete reaching 340 feet (104 metres) in the central span. Construction was carried out using the cantilever method, with segments being built outward from two piers, each segment tied to the previous one by high-strength steel tendons. In the centre, the two cantilevers did not meet but stopped short, leaving a space into which the builders placed a concrete beam to complete the span. The design represents a major post-World War II innovation in bridge engineering, but the bridge itself is not of great historical significance.

Bridge Parties

Another interesting information about the London Bridge is that it is an amazing venue for parties. Most bridges in the world are not ideal locations for throwing parties, but guests at a Tower Bridge event do not have to worry about dodging traffic. Within the bridge’s towers and the walkways above are several event spaces with spectacular views that make Tower Bridge one of London’s most popular venues.

Tower Bridge Exhibition

A visit to Tower Bridge Exhibition is the most exciting way to explore and experience the most famous Bridge in the world. Within the Bridge’s iconic structure and magnificent Victorian Engine rooms there is plenty to see and do!

After watching a new animated video about why Tower Bridge was built, guests can walk into the high level Walkways, 42 metres above the River Thames. This offers visitors a chance to admire stunning panoramic view of London, spying such popular landmarks as St Paul’s Cathedral and the Monument to the west and St Katharine’s Dock leading to Canary Wharf to the east.

The East Walkway houses the exhibition ‘Great Bridges of the World’ – this photographic exhibition features over 20 Bridges, each of which represents a breathtaking feat of engineering. In the south tower, a short video shows the construction of the Bridge, before guests proceed to the West Walkway where they can view brand NEW exhibition, ‘This is London’. Here, visitors can admire copies of over 60 iconic illustrations and excerpts from painter and illustrator, Miroslav Sasek’s classic children’s book, ‘This is London’. 

Continue on to the original lifting machinery in the Victorian Engine Rooms, complete with sounds and smells that transport you back in time to the Bridge’s origins. You will also experience a virtual Bridge lift, providing you with a unique view of the Bascules being raised. And currently on display is ‘Art at the Bridge, #4’, our brand NEW exhibition in partnership with Southwark Arts Forum.

A final visit to the Gift Shop before leaving allows the chance to take home a memento of your day.

Hotels in London Near Tower Bridge

The Tower Bridge area offers a choice of fine hotels.

Hilton London Tower Bridge Hotel

The glass exterior of this Hilton hotel faces Tower Bridge. Guestrooms have wireless Internet access, plasma TVs, mini-bars and windows that open. The hotel also has a business center and fitness center. Its on-site eatery, the Larder Restaurant, serves a breakfast buffet, lunch and dinner. Coffee and cocktails are available at the Ruba Bar.

Hotel Novotel London Tower Bridge

The Novotel is located on the Thames near Tower Bridge and St. Paul’s Cathedral. The contemporary guestrooms have sleeper sofas, flat-screen TVs, in-room movies and Internet access. The hotel also features a sauna and fitness center, and provides a currency exchange and a staff that speaks eight languages. The Elements Restaurant serves breakfast, lunch and dinner daily. Enjoy sandwiches and cocktails at the Pepys Bar, named after 16th-century writer, Samuel Pepys. Families traveling with children receive a special gift, late check-out, adjoining rooms and free rates for kids.

The Tower

The Tower is a luxury hotel on the Thames near Tower Bridge. The 800 guestrooms have Egyptian linens, flat-screen TVs and mini-bars. Free wireless Internet access is available throughout the hotel, which also provides 24-hour room service and concierge service to its guests. Other amenities and services include a fitness center and limousine service. The Tower provides special venues along the river for weddings and receptions, and it has two on-site restaurants and a cocktail bar.

Apex City of London

The Apex City of London is a stylish, upscale hotel next to Tower Bridge. Amenities in the 179 guestrooms include free wireless Internet access, flat-screen TVs, refrigerator and coffee and tea service. The Apex provides guests with 24-hour room service, laundry service, a DVD library and mail delivery. The hotel also has a gym and contemporary conference and meeting rooms with views of the Thames. The hotel’s restaurant, Addendum, serves modern cuisine.

Top Caves of the World

Amazing Cave
Amazing Cave

The world is full with mesmerizing places. How about taking a journey beneath the Earth surface? Dark, deep and hauntingly beautiful, these underground gems can be found in all corners of the world. Enter the amazing world of caves. They are all simply incredible.

Cave of the Ghost, Venezuela

“Cueva del Fantasma” — Spanish for “Cave of the Ghost” — is so vast that two helicopters can comfortably fly into it and land next to a towering waterfall. A waterfall coming down from one wall forms a small pond at the floor. Researchers recently discovered a new dendrobatid frog species, Colostethus breweri, named for the frog’s identifier, Charles Brewer-Carías.

Mammoth Cave – Kentucky, USA

Part of the US National Park in central Kentucky, the Mammoth Cave has the longest cave system in the world called the Mammoth-Flint Ridge Cave System with over 365 miles of subterranean passageways. Established as a national park on July 1, 1941, it also became a UNESCO World Heritage Site (1981) and an International Biosphere Reserve (1990). Other spectacular sights to see include the giant sinkhole aptly named ‘Cedar Sink,’ and the ‘Frozen Niagara.’

Phong Nha Cave – Minh Hoa, Vietnam

The Phong Nha Cave, which is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, is located in the Minh Hoa districts in north-central Vietnam, about 500 km south of Hanoi. The national park was created to protect its over 300 caves and grottoes, aside from the ecosystem and the limestone forest of the Annamite Range. Out of the 300 Phong Nha caves, only 20 of those have been surveyed by scientists. With a total length of 126 km, it held several records including the longest underground river and the largest caverns and passageways before the discovery of Son Doong Cave.

Cave of the Swallows – Aquismon, Mexico

An open airpit cave situated at the Municipality of Aquismon in Mexico, it has freefall drop of 333 m from the floor of the cave to the lowest side of the opening, with 370 m drop from the highest side. The 2nd deepest pit in Mexico and the 11th in the world, a skyscraper like the NYC Chrysler Building could easily fit. The cave has low temperatures with thick vegetation at the mouth and rains can cause waterfalls to cascade into its opening. Aside from the layers of debris and guano, you can also find a sinkhole in a fault of the lower Cretaceous limestone, which can go down further to 512 m.

Elephanta Caves, Gharapuri Island, India

Carved out of a hillside in the fifth century, the ecstatic faces and swaying bodies of Hindu deities in the temples of the Elephanta Caves seem to be listening to the drone of ancient Indian instruments. The sinuous curves of the Siva Nataraja, or many-armed cosmic dancer, and the three faces of the Trimurti, representing the creator, preserver, and destroyer aspects of the god Siva, are as expressive today as centuries ago.

Fingal’s Cave, Scotland

This cave is formed from hexagonally jointed basalt columns with in a Paleocene lava flow. It is known for its naturally arched roof, which produces eerie sound made by the echoes of the waves to give an atmosphere of a cathedral.

Jeita Grotto Cave, Lebanon

The cave consists of two separate but interconnected limestone caves. Upper grotto and lower grotto. The upper grotto houses the world’s biggest stalactite (mineral deposit that hangs from the ceiling of a limestone cave). The lower grotto (20,300 feet overall length) is traversed by underwater lake and river.

Majlis al Jinn Cave, Oman

Majlis al Jinn is the second largest cave chamber in the world. It is located in a remote area of the Selma Plateau at around 1,600 meters altitude in The Sultanate of Oman. It was discovered in 1983 by Don Davidson, a geologist studying water resources in the Sultanate. Davidson presumably died some ten years later when he left Oman permanently and went hiking in the Andes. He rented a car, drove it to a trailhead, left a note on it saying where he was going, and was never seen again.

Waitomo Glowworm Cave, New Zealand

The Waitomo Glowworm Cave is a cave on the North Island of New Zealand, known for its population of glowworms, Arachnocampa luminosa. These glowworms spin a nest out of silk on the ceiling of the cave and then hang down. Then, the larva glows to attract prey into its threads, so that the roof of a cave is covered with larva can look remarkably like the heavens at night. A hungry larva glows brighter than one which has just eaten.

Dongzhong Cave, China

Not actually a fascinating cave in itself, until you consider dozens of children attend everyday to the school on it! The Dongzhong (literally meaning “in cave”) is a primary school at a Miao village in Ziyun county, southwest China’s Guizhou province. The school is built in a huge, aircraft hangar-sized natural cave, carved out of a mountain over thousands of years by wind, water and seismic shifts.

My longing The Eiffel Tower

Paris is a dream destination for all tourists. I think this is actually the first place which we all should visit. Paris has so many attractions so familiar that even people who have never been there felt as though they have. Among many attractions Eiffel Tower is my hotspot sight in Paris. The breathtaking beauty of Eiffel Tower speaks volumes of his glory.

The Eiffel Tower is best seen close up, where you can really appreciate its overwhelming charm. Magnificent view to all sides of Paris opens up once you are on top! This sublime and monumental architecture has towering impact on tourists mind. Even if one is on a virtual tour, this iconic tower never fails to leave its impression on one’s mind.

And for all those curious who must be interested in knowing a little bit of history of Eiffel Tower, here is a small dose of it. The Eiffel Tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris, named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. Erected in 1889 as the entrance arch to the ‘1889 World’s Fair’, it has become the cultural symbol of France and one of the most recognizable historical structures in the world. The tower is the tallest structure in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in the world. The tower stands 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building.

Got Bored! I understand some of us hate history. I had friends in school who used to hate history books. But I love history. My history teacher in school happened to be a good-looking handsome guy. Most of the girls in my class even those who hated history were infatuated by him. In fact, he was my first crush. Hey guys, I am sorry for driving away from the topic “ Eiffel Tower”. Getting away from history to some cool facts about Eiffel Tower.

You get to see maddening crowd outside the Eiffel Tower. Dancing and singing! Euphoria in the air! Wanna go to the top of tower, take the elevator up and enjoy the enchanting view. Amazing and mesmerizing! And the most thrilling part is there is no really time limit, as in how much time you can spend on top and the elevator arrives every couple of minutes and brings another part of excited crowd! When you are on the top, your jaw will drop and you’ll say, “I’m really in Paris”. You get the great feeling of seeing whole of Paris.

And this is not all, lot of street performers keep you grooving throughout sight-seeing. Are you in a party mood? Well in that case stop off for a moment at the champagne bar on the top floor to enjoy a unique festive experience. The bar offers you a choice of a glass of either rose or white champagne, served as chilled as you like. What a romantic way to toast a sensuous experience at the top of the Tower ! The bar is open daily from midday to 10 at night (a glass of champagne will cost between €12 and €21).

After sunset, the Eiffel tower shines and bathes in golden light to welcome its night-time visitors and offers an enthralling view of the Paris lights. Explore the marvelous beauty of Eiffel Tower! And experience the lifetime glory!